In recent years it has increased exponentially the number of devices used for video surveillance. The cities are full of cameras, the business will have advanced systems for video surveillance, thousands of quotidinamanente cameras are ready to shoot the cars that exceed the speed limits imposed by the Highway Code, the public transportation resume our movements and so on and so forth. Nowadays, it is really difficult to do business in public without being filmed by surveillance cameras. This circumstance has finally realized even the Privacy Guarantor has emenato the measure April 8, 2010 to update the now obsolete rules videosoveglianza dating back to 2004. What will change for those who install these systems? And most importantly, you can ensure a good level of privacy for citizens? In this short article I will not dwell on all the formalities to be carried out to comply with the new provision of the Guarantor, but I will try to highlight some aspects of the "Surveillance each other" I think that interesting.
At a first reading of the measure in question, it is immediately evident that the Privacy deemed it necessary to intervene in a matter that has taken over the last few days brought very different from that of just five years ago. It is not surprising, therefore, to read in the introduction that:
[...] Certain provisions of the law are attributed to the mayors and municipalities specific powers to ensure public safety and urban security, while other rules, state and regional activities also included forms of economic incentives in favor of government and private entities in order to increase the use of video surveillance as a form of passive defense, control and deterrence of criminal phenomena and vandalism.
In fact, especially if you are used to walking, the number of cameras that are watching is nothing short of impressive. In my city ( power ) in a few months have been installed over a hundred cameras and, in fact, it is impossible to move without being taken. I'm honestly not very happy about this because, even because I think too much having to "observe" tens of thousands of people in transit daily for 1-2 crimes each year (if anything were identified thanks to the cameras). What worries me even more, there are two other data. The first is the study that was done back in 2005 in England - the home of video surveillance - which highlights the almost total uselessness of these methods for the prevention of crimes. The second is the cost of video surveillance in major city assumes the scope of digits to 6 zeros! But it is really worth it?
My thoughts are why, after reading the premise of the decision of 8 April 2010 of the Data Protection Authority, I would expect to find at least a more stringent regulation in the case of the use of video surveillance in the interests of public safety. Instead, I see that once again when the cameras are utilized for these purposes is still not mandatory to perform signaling the presence of the instrument, even if the Guarantor "hopes" a turnaround and "hope" that you are using the signs signaling the presence of video surveillance. Honestly it is a bit 'little hope, but the effort of the Guarantor, given its limited powers in this area, it must be appreciated, however, because even if the objective of the telelcamere is to prevent the risk'm not a contradiction to the alert. If, however, the cameras were installed by the city for urban security purposes only, it will be required to be notified in the input area under surveillance, except that the latter is not carried out for the purpose of protecting public safety, the prevention, detection or suppression of crime, in which case, as I said, no obligation thenar!
I found it very interesting also the provisions on video surveillance with the use of instruments that require prior authorization. In particular, in paragraph 3.2 of the Provisions of 8 April 2010 was extended compared to the past, the extent of prior approval for devices that use software to perform "recognition of the person crossing or via a link or image comparison detected (eg morphology face) with other specific personal data, in particular with biometric data, or based on a comparison of its image with a pre-established sampling of subjects to detect the same "
They are then introduced preventive controls also called intelligent instruments, namely:
you do not just shoot and record images, but are able to automatically detect abnormal behaviors or events, report them, and possibly record.
And to follow, even more interesting, is what the Ombudsman says about such systems:
In principle, such systems should be considered excessive in relation to the normal activities of surveillance, as they may cause effects on the ball particularly invasive determination of and, consequently, its behavior
Another innovation introduced with the measure last April regards the use of cameras or webcams with online promotional purposes. In this case it is necessary to use systems that make it impossible to identify the people who are shooting. The reason is easy to understand and it says the same Guarantor: the data are collected and put online. It 'clear that the injury could be caused to those who were involuntarily taken and identified online in places where it should not be
Video surveillance has become a widespread phenomenon and, alas, somewhat uncontrollable. The provision of the Guarantor 8 April 2010, slightly modified the previous situation, but it did not and could not solve the biggest problem that concerns the need on the part of citizens to have faith in those who use / handle these tools in the hope that the ' use of data collected fully respect the laws. For the rest it is important to at least know our rights. Therefore, for a more complete picture on the new rules on the subject of video surveillance, you can read the full text of the measure found here or you can read the handbook that you find at this address .
I can only conclude by saying that the new rules should be adopted in accordance with this scheme:
a) within twelve months, make the information visible even when the system is v ideosorveglianza may be active during the night;
b) within six months, submit treatments that present specific risks to the rights and freedoms of the fundam ental concerned, the preliminary verification pursuant to art. 17 of the Code;
c) within twelve months, adopt safety measures to protect the data recorded by video surveillance systems;
d) within six months, take the necessary measures to ensure compliance with the recommendations in Sections 4.6 and 5.4 of the order of 8 April 2010, with regard to the integrated video surveillance systems;
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